Krav Maga / Origin and Philosophy

History

The Creation a way for keeping alive

Decade of 1940: war, violence and death. There was urgency for the creation a way for keeping alive. The strongest, with a little of luck survived, and the others died. Being a result of the basic need for survival, Krav Maga was born in the middle of the 40s by Imi Lichtenfeld (Z"L) in Israel.

It was from this need of struggling for life, that a man, Imi Lichtenfeld (Z"L), created a method to survive in the middle of all that horror. He perceived that all the techniques of combats and fighting that previously existed had no value in the present reality. And having his own body as his only available tool, as if being enlightened, he perceived that this "tool" could be very powerful. He understood that his natural movements could be worked upon for his self-defense and combat, and that his weak and sensitive spots were also the same for his enemies and adversaries, because after all, all bodies have the same basic constitution. Having concluded this, which to us seems obvious, he decided to create one corporal and spiritual technique that would be efficient for anyone, independent of force or physical conditioning, age or sex, to defend his life with what he owns: his mind and his body.

Krav Maga Anos 50

In the middle of the 40s, Krav Maga was created by Imi Lichtenfeld (Z"L) in Israel, just before its independence. A way of life for the man of the new times, that gives solutions for any kind of violence, be it armed or unarmed and even against terrorist attacks and hostage situations. How is this possible? It is possible because its basic principal is truthful, indisputable and unconditional. It works for everyone, in any situation. Having as its cradle the Jewish resistance movements in Europe during World War II, it developed and ripened in Israel, being used by the defense groups that existed there, and with the independence of the State of Israel in 1948, it became the philosophy adopted by the Tzahal (the Israeli Military Service), the Police and the Secret Service. At the beginning it was exclusive only to the Military Elite, but since 1964, its teaching was liberated to all of the military and the civilian population inside the State of Israel.

It was at this moment that its creator, concerned with the continuity of his work, the spreading of Krav Maga techniques to the entire world and to future generations, selected a small group to be trained and prepared for this task, of which Master Kobi is an integral part. In 1987, Krav Maga was allowed to be used outside of Israel.

Several countries like the USA, England, and France have requested courses and obtained great success and acceptance. In 1990, the first black belt left Israel to spread out Krav Maga, Master Kobi arrives in Brazil, as the only representative of the art in South America.

The Philosophy - An Art in the essence of the word

Mestre Kobi chute saco de areia

Krav Maga is an art in the essence of the word, for it transmits to the practitioner ideas and feelings. It creates a competitive way of life, where the student competes with himself and reaches his own goals alone. The training stimulates the will to surpass one's self, not only physically, but in all aspects of the human being.

It is an eminently practical art, which through corporal work reaches the mind, the intellect, and spirituality. It is known for reaching the mind through the work of the body. Krav Maga does not state theoretical truths, it stimulates the individual search for them. One of its main goals is the increase of self-confidence.

It is an art of self-defense. To define self-defense as a way one has to defend himself from an attack is to not give proper value to its meaning. One learns self-defense, first of all because any living being needs to know how to defend themselves from a physical aggression, and secondly, for the consciousness of the benefits that this knowledge brings. To not feel threatened (physically or otherwise), to feel capable, to believe in oneself, the fight for personal prevalence, the challenge of setting goals for yourself and transposing barriers, besides the fact that there is an improvement in physical conditioning, leads the apprentice of self-defense to a healthier life, both physically and mentally.

For those who, for whatever reason, think that self-defense is a practice not compatible with their personality, remember always that keeping a distance will not free you from violence, and we do live in a violent and hostile world.

But what is violence? Violence is something that has a life of its own, different from hunger which is appeased as soon as we eat. We can't eliminate it by satiating it because it feeds itself, it is an evil that has always existed and will always exist. To live in peace and respect your fellow man does not distance one from the possibility of being assaulted, there is no vaccine for this.

Spiritual Preparation - Courage, Emotional Balance, Patience, Respect

Krav Maga is a modern art, created from the present reality that without a theoretical rhetoric brings to the practitioner a healthier and more complete life, forming responsible citizens that are capable to seek out for their goals. The in-class rules are of an educational scope that when incorporated, work the four basic principles of the Krav Maga way of life:

Courage: to face obstacles, regardless of their dimension;
Emotional Balance: control emotions, not allowing fear to hinder action;
Patience: a change in one's posture towards life and oneself: this happens gradually, each one has their own timing;
Respect: respecting one's self and his fellow man, even the enemy.


The student learns these principles through the daily routine of physical training and its difficulties, being conscious of the necessary path to acquire them. Adults, children or teenagers understand these principles with the same intensity, and they become a part of one's own nature. The will to fight for one's own goals and the persistence when encountering difficulties, the poise when facing situations, independence. All of this places one in a position of total self-control, and away from violence.

It is necessary to state that, when feeding the intellect, each one's habits bring them further away from violent situations. Training includes, most of the time, physical and psychological barriers that impose the student's spiritual preparation to continue and win over the difficulties and obstacles faced during training.

To be able to defend one's self, it is necessary to unite both technical knowledge and mental capacity.